Conquest of Peru
The conquest of Peru is one of the greater importance events
of the peruvian history and, as well, one of the most oustanding
events of the New World History, due to the consequences that
were derived from it.
Such memorable fact begins when the Spaniards, commanded by
Francisco Pizarro (whose number did not get 200), they had invaded
the territories of the Tahuantinsuyo by the North region (Tumbes),
coming from Panama, moved course to the city of Cajamarca.This
city is militarily taken on November 16th of 1532, after to
have taken Atahualpa as a prisoner , last emperor of the famous
Incas's Empire. Afterwards,all the territories of Old Peru would
be conquered and incorporated to the dominions of Spain.
Factors that impelled the invasion and conquer of Peru
In order to exploit their numerous wealths mainly consistent
in gold and silver, precious metals.
The ambition of Spain of encumbrar itself to the category of
first nation of Europe. This Iberian country, culminates his
caressed ideal when taking part in the conquest and colonization
of the richest territories of the New World, seat as well of
both of the most famous empires of Pre-Columbian America: the
one of Mexico (Aztec) and the one of Peru (Inca), such that
falls downcast, one after another one, as a result of the the
push of the peninsular invaders.
Militar and Scientist
One of the decisive factors is that the peninsular ones counted
on arms and a very advanced warlike knowledge. A scientific
tool, that surely was the most valuable aid for the conquerors
was the Compass as much for their marine passages of exploration
like orienting itself in the immensities of the American territories.
From the initiation of the Great Geographic Discoveries, the
extraordinary interest of the church by the diffusion of the
Christianity is noticed. Such ideal got clear thanks to the
work of Spain, catholic eminent Nation, and, mainly, due to
the sacrificed work of its missionaries, many of them reached
celebrity like martyrs of that brilliant but sacrificed evangelist
labour and, also, like valiant defenders of the native population
forehead to the more abuses increasing every day.